About Polishing

General Polishing Product Instructions and information 

www.polish-up.com.au

Suppliers of an extensive range of polishing products and accessories to professionals, retailers and the DIY enthusiast.

General Instructions For Polishing

What is Polishing 

Polishing sometimes known as finishing, buffing or colouring is the process of removing scratches and abrasions from a surface, and creating the desired brightness of finish on that surface.  Polishing, like using sand paper, consists of procedures each of which is less abrasive than the previous. A combination of mops and compounds are used with a buffing machine or a household electric drill (pneumatic tools may also be used but only at relatively low speeds (4000 rpm max.) 

Different combinations of polishing wheel and compound gives the desired cut / colouring action and finish. To avoid contamination or mixing of compounds use a different mop for each compound. Do not mix different compounds on the same mop. Alternatively “freshen” the polishing wheel with a wire brush to remove residue compound and metal from the wheel.

If you are polishing small articles then you can fix your drill into one of our bench clamp drill holders, this will enable you to polish these small articles with ease.

Sometimes when you have polished you may see a slight coat of grease or finger marks on the work piece, these can be removed with Whiting Powder/Vienne Lime followed by a metal polish to complete the job.

If you wish to Electroplate or lacquer the polished article please make sure you use a good degreaser and do not protect with wax polish. Any dirt or grease/wax will interfere with the adhesion of the plated metal or lacquer. 

Safety First!

Always make sure that the machine you are working with is in safe working order i.e. bench grinder is securely fastened to your work bench, adaptors for polishing wheels are securely fastened etc.

Always use safety equipment- Dust mask, safety spectacles and gloves.  Always apply the item being finished to the area of the mop which is rotating away from yourself. Do not wear loose clothing that may get caught in the machine.

Surface Polishing Preparation 

Unclean/dirty/greasy material should be prepared properly before being polished. For polishing soft metals and depending on the surface condition, start at 6 on the step by step guide below. Should parts be heavily scratched, marked or scored then suitable abrasives should be used.( flap wheel, wet and dry paper, abrasive cloth/paper, rubbing blocks etc.)

In many instances the surface of what you are polishing will need to be prepared prior to polishing. The preparation really depends on the condition of the surface and the desired finish you require. The devil is in the detail hence the better you prepare the surface the better the final result. The use of wet/dry abrasive papers and discs may be required and the finer the abrasive, generally the easier and more impressive the polished finish.

Step By Step Guide To Polishing

1. Attach arbour to your drill or spindle adapter to your bench grinder / polisher and fix tightly.

2. Attach Sisal, airflow or clour stitch Mop onto the arbour/adapter and screw on tightly. 

3. Run the drill / bench grinder / polisher and apply the relevant compound to the mop for approx. 2 seconds, the compound is wax / abrasive based so the motion of the spinning mop generates heat which melts the wax/abrasive onto the polishing mop. 

4. Apply the mop to the item to be polished with medium/hard pressure. It is very important that you remove all marks/scratches and leave a uniform finish.

5. Apply more compound to the Mop if needed. When all scratches/marks are removed and the work piece has a uniform dull finish, remove the polishing mop. Once you are satisfied with the finish use a clean Microfibre cloth dipped in Vienne lime to cut away the residue compound from the polishing surface.

6. Attach the White Stitch / Colour Stitch Mop onto the arbour/adapter and screw on tightly. Run the machine and apply the relevant finishing compound to the White Stitch / Colour Stitch Mop for approx. 2 seconds. 

7. Apply the mop to the item to be polished with medium pressure. This will remove the dull finish left by the first process and leave the work piece with a semi-bright finish.

8. Apply more compound to the White Stitch / Colour Stitch Mop if needed. When you have a uniform semi-bright finish, remove the White Stitch / Colour Stitch Mop. Once you are satisfied with the finish use a clean Microfibre cloth dipped in Vienne lime to cut away the residue compound from the polishing surface.

9. Attach either the unstitched loose calico type Mop onto the arbour / adapter and screw on tightly. Run the drill / bench grinder / polisher and apply the relevant finishing compound to the Mop for approx. 2 seconds. 

10. Apply the mop to the item to be polished with light pressure. This will remove the semi bright finish left by the second process and leave the work piece with a bright finish. Apply more compound to the unstitched Mop if needed and repeat the process. 

You should now be left with a bright finish. Once you are satisfied with the finish use a clean Microfibre cloth dipped in vienne lime to cut away the residue compound from the polishing surface should there be any.

11. Using a clean microfiber cloth or applicator, apply a metal polish to create your desired bright finish.

Tips 

Try to constantly vary the directions of which you polish. This is not always possible but recommended as some articles may be of an unsuitable size and shape.

Use compound sparingly, black grease marks will appear on work piece if too much compound has been applied to the mop. Remove black grease marks with cloth dipped in Vienne lime. Remember little and often. If it is possible, polish across marks/scratches not along them. 

If the surface of work piece is lacquered you must remove the lacquer before polishing.

Drill-Polisher-Grinder Adaptors

Spindle adaptors, tapered Mandrels are used to secure your polishing wheels onto your drill machine, bench grinder, variable speed polisher/grinder etc.

Before purchasing an adaptor check the dimensions of the shaft and threads to see if we have the relevant adaptors for your machine.

Description Of Polishing Wheels & Mops

Natural & Treated Sisal Polishing Wheels.

These are very fast cutting and hard, they are particularly useful for first stage heavy duty mopping operations on steel and non-ferrous metals. The chemically treated sisal wheels are harder and more aggressive than the natural sisal wheels. They will remove grinding and sanding marks left from previous operations. Used when processing steel, stainless steel or non-ferrous metals and are usually used in conjunction with a coarse cutting stainless steel compound.

Treated Coolair or Airflow Polishing Wheels.

These are fast cutting and hard and are particularly useful for heavy duty polishing operations on steel and alloy. These chemically treated mops will remove sanding and linishing marks left from previous prepping operations. Made from 100% cotton and treated with chemical, the flexible side walls enable this buffing wheel to reach and polish irregular surfaces or odd-shaped pieces. The wheels perform at a cooler buffing temperature, important when polishing some metals and soft surfaces. Ventilated buffing wheels keep your parts cooler by expanding when wheel is turning. Expanded surface allows air to enter the buff, then transfers this cool air to your part, resulting in a much cooler buffing temperature. Corrugated face holds more compound than conventional buffing wheels. Corrugation creates pockets for compound to stick to improving compound consumption, faster cutting rates and longer wheel life. These will be used in conjunction with cutting compounds such as Course Cutter, Tripolis and Brightcut.

Natural Coolair or Airflow Polishing Wheels.

For medium cut and final finishing. A natural airflow buffing polishing wheel for buffing various metal surfaces to a high finish with a finishing compound. Made from 100% cotton, the flexible side walls enable this buffing wheel to reach and polish irregular surfaces or odd-shaped pieces. The wheels perform at a cooler buffing temperature, important when polishing some metals and soft surfaces. Ventilated buffing wheels keep your parts cooler by expanding when wheel is turning. Expanded surface allows air to enter buff, then transfers this cool air to your part, resulting in a much cooler buffing temperature. Corrugated face holds more compound than conventional buffing wheels. Corrugation creates pockets for compound to stick to improving compound consumption, faster cutting rates and longer wheel life. These wheel can be used with finishing compounds like Green Chrome, SS Finish, Hyperfin, Multishine and also Polac when polishing plastic.

Colour Stitch Mops or Wheels    

Versatile cutting mops used for general polishing, can be used for first stage polishing with cutting compounds on harder metals or on soft metals like brass, copper, etc Can Also be used as a finishing wheel with finishing compounds on harder surfaces.

White Stitch Polishing Wheels.

A versatile grade of polishing wheel, the white stitch is slightly softer than the colour stitch. Good for a polishing operation where you need brightness back when the condition of the metal is not marked/scratched or badly pitted. Can also be used on jewellery, plastics and soft metal surfaces with either cutting or finishing compounds.

Loose Flap Quality Polishing Wheel.

A loose leaf type mop which is commonly used as an alternative to white stitch mops. Very popular for precious metals. Excellent for creating a high finish on metal and plastic surfaces. Used in conjunction with various finishing compounds with minimal cutting properties. It’s flexibility will follow the curves of a polishing surface.

Swansdown (WDR) Polishing Wheels

A very soft grade of finishing mop. WDR means “white double raised” also known as Swansdown wheels. Generally used for soft precious metals, jewellery etc. in the final finish. Can also be used on plastics. Used in conjunction with a finishing compound to create an extremely high finish. Is very flexible and able to follow the curves on the polishing surface.

Dome Cylinder Goblet Polishing Wheels

Supplied in sisal and soft calico, these drill mounted polishing mops with a 6mm shaft are used to access tight and difficult to reach areas. Excellent for use in maintenance kits, the calico mops can be used with most of our compounds. The sisal mops can effectively be used with our cutting compounds to remove preparation sanding or linishing marks.

Mounted Felt Cylinder Points & Bobs

Versatile across many mediums, these medium density felt points and bobs will work on stone, ceramics, metals, as well as jewellery. Bonded onto a 3mm/6mm shaft that fits most rotary tools or drill machines. These felts tools are a popular and economical method of polishing when used in conjunction with compounds. Ideal for intricate jobs.

Description Of Polishing Compounds

Blue bar = Multishine: The multi-purpose finishing compound. Suitable for all metals. Also performs well as a cutter if used on a hard cotton or sisal buff.

Brown bar = Tripoli: Combined cutting and finishing compound for soft metals only. Suitable for alloys, aluminium, brass, copper and zinc diecast. Follow up with a finishing compound if a brighter surface is required.

Grey bar =Course Cutter: A fast and economical cutter for hard metals. The rate of metal removal is high, with less emphasis on brightness. To be used on sisal buffs for the removal of scratches and "orange peel" from all metals.

Green bar = green Chrome: For mirror finishing with minimal cut. Best used after a perfect cutting or prepolishing operation. Polishes all metals to high brightness when used on a soft cotton buff.

White bar = SS Finish: For high brightness and good cut. Suitable for all metals, including stainless steel. Recommended for surfaces that are smooth to begin with and are free of deep scratches. Use a sisal buff for cutting and a cotton buff for bright finishing.

Terracotta bar = Bright Cut DX: A fast cutter for all metals with medium brightness. May be used on a sisal buff for cutting, followed on a cotton buff for medium brightness.

Dark Brown = Maxicut Cutting Compound: The fastest cutter for hard metals. The rate of metal removal is high, with little emphasis on brightness. To be used on sisal buffs for the removal of scratches and "orange peel". May be used on all metals

White Round Bar = Hyperfin Finishing Compound: White compound for very bright mirror finishing on steel, chrome and alloy. Used with a white stitch or loose leaf polishing wheel.

Red = Jewellers Rouge: Used for final high polishing on all soft precious metals such as Gold and Silver and is used with either a white stitch, loose leaf calico or soft swansdown polishing wheel.

There is an extremely wide variety of compounds to choose from and the above are just a few of the popular products.

Metal Polishes

Liquid Reflect, Blue Sapphire, Mirrorfinish metal polishes to name a few are used in your final application to maintain a long lasting bright finish to your polished surface. These polishes can be used in the maintenance of your polished items as well.

Surface Preparation Abrasives

The devil is in the detail, the better you prepare your surface the better your finish will be. Use our wet and dry abrasive paper up to 2000 grits to prepare your surface as and where required before using a cutting compound and wheel combination. We have hook and loop abrasive pads as well including flap wheels.

Flap wheels are designed to be flexible and conform themselves to the shape being sanded. Flap wheels flex to the different dimensions and shapes of the work piece and sand flat, high and low areas with the same effectiveness. Surfaces include wood, metal, plastics, rubber, stone.

Visit our website at www.polish-up.com.au to view a wide range of products and services that include the following applications:

Kits to polish glass, metals including alloys, aluminium, chrome, stainless steel, steel, copper, brass, precious metals and jewellery

Australia based, we ship Australia wide and internationally. You can polish your motorcycle, golf clubs to new, car, truck, ute, boat, alloy wheels, fixtures and fittings to exceptional mirror finishes. The polishing wheels fit bench grinders, electric hand drills, polisher sander grinder machines. Choose from our selection of adaptors and accessories for a simple conversion.

Products include:

•               Metal Polishing

•               Glass Polishing

•               Plastic & Perspex Polishing

•               Silver Polishing

•               Jewellery Polishing

•               Abrasive Products

•               Polishing Wheels, Pads, Buffs, Points, Bobs and Discs

•               Compounds, Adaptors & Accessories

Contact Details: Tel: 1800 780 666,

Email: info@polish-up.com.au,

Website: www.polish-up.com.au

View our other websites:

www.whatatool.com.au For the most extensive range of coated and bonded abrasives, tools and accessories for every trade.

www.goddards.net.au For the famous Goddard's range of silver polish, wood, stone and tile polishing and maintenance products.